The Crown Prosecution Service was established in 1985 by the Prosecution of Offences Act to operate independently of the police in the prosecution of criminal cases in England and Wales.
Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) lawyers are responsible for examining police evidence, deciding whether to take criminal proceedings through to court prosecution stage, preparing cases for court and conducting prosecutions. They are known as crown prosecutors and are employed by the CPS, which is a government agency. Other responsibilities include:
- liaising with the police, court staff, defence solicitors and victims of crime etc
- instructing and advising counsel in Crown Court cases
- helping to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the criminal justice system
- collaborating with other criminal justice/law enforcement agencies
- ensuring that alleged criminal offenders are dealt with fairly
The CPS Legal Trainee Scheme offers legal trainee posts for trainee solicitors and pupils (trainee barristers). You can only train as a solicitor or barrister with the CPS if you have a degree, either from a law or non-law discipline. Qualification is via the bar professional training course (BPTC) for barristers or the legal practice course (LPC) for solicitors. Graduates without a law degree must also pass a conversion course, often referred to as the common professional examination (CPE) or graduate diploma in law (GDL).
Following academic qualification, barristers must take a vocational 'pupillage' (comprising training, job shadowing and possibly small case work) for a minimum of one year, while solicitors must undertake a two-year training contract. Pupils can spend their entire pupillage with the CPS, but trainee solicitors will be seconded to other practices to gain the breadth of experience expected by the Law Society.
- Excellent communication skills, both verbal and written
- Decision making