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Science and research

Get acquainted with all things science and research careers. Discover the job options for biology, chemistry and physics students and establish your route into scientific research and development.
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Science careers under a microscope

A career in science and research means using your scientific skills and knowledge to advance your chosen field – whether that’s making medical breakthroughs or harnessing the potential of renewable energy sources. So, how do you want to use your expertise? Scientists usually specialise in an area such as biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, food technology, marine biology or meteorology. And they can work in various settings – from academia through to industry and healthcare. A common starting role for a science graduate is a laboratory technician or research technician.

If you're ready to apply for vacancies, then explore opportunities in science and research here .

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Next steps

Your science job hunt

Let’s cover the basics. Our quick overview of getting a graduate job in science, research and development runs through the skills and competencies you’ll need; if postgraduate study is necessary; what working life is like for a scientist; and the typical application process for science jobs. Once you’re done reading, we’ll cover each topic in more depth as you go down this page.

What can I do with my science degree?

You might find it helpful to begin with your degree. What careers does your chosen subject typically lead to? Each of our degree subject guides will help you to explore your options.

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Look into your options

Science job descriptions

Are you still exploring your career options in scientific research? Our job descriptions provide insights into the different job roles available to you. Compare the day-to-day tasks, the entry requirements and the key skills.

Considering postgraduate science study?

A postgraduate qualification is necessary for some science career paths, particularly research and development (R&D) roles. It can also help to secure employment in a specialist area of science. However, you can be successful in science without further study. The key is to research your options.

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Free online learning

Complete mini courses

Sign in or register with targetjobs and you can access Pathways – a range of free, short courses created by targetjobs to help you get career insights and develop your job-hunting skills.

There’s a course for whatever stage you’re at in your career journey, whether you want some help generating career ideas, you’re looking to work on skills such as commercial awareness and problem solving, you’d appreciate some LinkedIn pointers or you’re ready to give yourself an edge in applications and interviews.

Whichever topic you’ll pick, you’ll learn from industry experts and young professionals through a series of videos, quizzes and real-world activities.

Landing your dream job

The recruitment process

Start off strong

An online application system is the normal first step when you apply to a large science employer, but smaller, specialist science employers often still ask you to submit a CV and covering letter over email. Either way, you may also face some psychometric tests.

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Hanging up the lab coat

Careers outside of the lab

It’s OK if you’re questioning whether you want to stay in science or work in a lab full time. But graduate careers in science offer a lot of variety, so be sure to research all your options before you leave your degree subject behind.

There are plenty of graduate jobs that are still in the science sector but based in a classroom, office, out-of-doors or on television, for example. And if you do decide that you want a bigger change of career, you’ll be pleased to know that science graduates are in high demand in sectors such as law, IT and finance.

Start researching your options with our article on careers beyond science.

Employers in Science and research

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Our top employers

Industry leaders with a large annual graduate intake.

Featured employers

Active employers looking for graduate talent all year round.

And many more

Other employers who are active on targetjobs , regularly posting new opportunities and events during peak seasons.

United Utilities
RSK Group

FAQs in science and research

More careers advice

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Advice for school leavers

Discover the world of options open to you on finishing school or college and get tips on how to make the right decision for you.

CVs, applications and tests

Find the tools and tips you need to help you apply for graduate jobs or internships. We cover every aspect of the application process, from writing a CV to answering online application questions and sitting psychometric tests.

Career ideas

Find advice for figuring out your dream career, including what options are available to you after graduating and how to choose the right graduate role.

Finding a job

Finding a job isn’t always as easy as it sounds. Here we help you to jump potential hurdles, giving essential advice for home and international students: from applying in tough economic times to getting a top graduate job with a 2.2.


Completing an internship allows you to sharpen your skills, improve your CV, prepare for the world of work and potentially land yourself a graduate job. Discover what internships actually involve, how to apply for them and how to make the most of them.

Interviews and assessment centres

You impressed on paper; now it’s time to show the employer in person that you’re the right hire. Learn how to do this with our expert advice for answering interview questions, developing interview techniques and acing assessment centre exercises.

Job descriptions

Discover the qualifications, skills and experience you’ll need for more than 300 job roles and find one you’ll love.

Job offers and working life

Job offers, rejection emails and stepping into the working world with your first graduate job can pull you in a million directions. Fortunately, we’ve curated advice on how to accept job offers, bounce back from rejection and make an impact in your first job.

Skills for getting a job

Discover the skills that major graduate employers seek and how you can demonstrate them on your application form, and at interviews and assessment centres.

University life

Wanting to leave uni with a degree is a given. But what do you want from the other bits of student life? Discover how to combine study, rest, work and play with our insights from students and graduates.

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