Your HND… what next?
A HND (Higher National Diploma) is a vocational course offered by further and higher education colleges or universities. The diploma normally lasts two years on a full-time basis but can also be completed part-time over a longer period of time.
HNDs are offered in a wide range of subjects including:
- graphic design
- computing and IT
- business and management
- health and social care
A HND can lead you directly into your chosen career and they are valued by employers because of their practical, skills-based content. For particular jobs you should ask employers if your HND and skills meet their expectations.
This course can lead onto the final year or final two years of a degree, meaning you can upgrade your qualification to an honours degree.
Generally, you will not be able to apply to graduate schemes with an HND and it is unlikely you’ll be considered for graduate level jobs. However, because it is a high level qualification, some HNDs are accepted by professional bodies and can be used to gain professional status.
Job hunting with a HND
Working while studying
If you have a job while studying for your HND and you want to stay with that employer then it’s worth discussing with them what career opportunities and development they can offer. Make the most of any chance to enhance your skills and impress your employer by taking on responsibilities. If you are working you can make contacts that might be useful to you in the future or find out about opportunities that might not be advertised externally. You can find out what the employer wants and make sure that what you have matches.
Looking for a new job
If you are looking for a new job, you should identify the job sector that interests you and research what jobs are available. Your research should include the labour market, the competition, identifying any areas of shortage, and the vacancies available. You need to analyse how your HND will complement the career path you have chosen. Make sure you market your HND to potential employers, outlining the technical skills and industrial experience you have acquired. Information sources on finding vacancies include:
- your institution’s careers service
- employer websites and literature
- graduate recruitment websites such as TARGETjobs
- trade associations and professional bodies
- Sector Skills Council Contact Directory
- Search for opportunities using LinkedIn
Web based resources can be very useful. Make sure you check the employer’s website and social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. Sign up for email alerts and trawl regularly through job databases. It’s worth remembering that research suggests that up to 60% of vacancies are unadvertised. This means you need to network effectively to find out about them. Use social media platforms like Twitter and LinkedIn to connect with employees, attend careers fairs and conferences and talk to your own wider network of family, friends and colleagues. Help on networking and resources for help with careers planning and making applications is available online from TARGETjobs.
Further study with a HND
Options for further study
A HND is a stand-alone qualification but most of those who have a HND want to move on to further study. The main options after your HND are topping up to a degree, postgraduate courses and professional courses.
Completing an honours degree
You can study for a degree at various places:
- your current institution: many people like to continue their studies in a familiar learning environment
- the institution where the HND was validated: if you studied at a further education (FE) college your qualification will be validated by a local Higher Education Institution. Ask if you’re eligible to progress onto a degree with them
- a different institution: use UCAS to research HE institutions and courses
- via distance learning: check if your chosen institution offers this, or consider the Open University (OU)
- you could head to another country and study abroad
Topping up to degree level usually takes one or two years of further study if the degree subject is the same or very similar to your HND subject and you also have a good academic record. If the subject isn’t the same or similar then you may have to start a degree from the first year. Each institution and each course will make their own decision as to the point of entry onto their degree courses so it’s best to speak to individual institutions.
Postgraduate and professional qualifications
Postgraduate study could be an option once you have topped up your HND to degree level. They include:
- postgraduate certificates (PG Cert), for example PGCE (postgraduate certificate of education)
- postgraduate diplomas (PG Dip)
- Masters degrees, for example, MA or MSc
- Doctorates, like a PhD
You need to research your options thoroughly and speak to individual HE institutions. Like degree courses, entry requirements can vary depending on subject, vocational experience, your course content and your technical and theoretical knowledge. Check with the individual institution what their requirements are.
You'll find advice on our postgraduate study site TARGETpostgrad on how to kick-start your career with a postgraduate conversion course.
Professional qualifications allow you to develop the specific skills necessary to work in a particular industry or job. Most professional courses will follow on from a degree or postgraduate qualification. The entry requirements for each professional course will vary from one industry to the next. For some professions you must have a particular qualification to practice, like the LPC to practice as a solicitor, for example. Some professional qualifications might take a few months while others may take a few years, so it’s worth considering this. Examples include:
- law (LPC and BPTC)
- accountancy (ACCA)
- journalism (NCTJ)
- civil engineering
If you are topping up your HND to degree level then you should be able to apply for student finance. You may be able to apply for a bursary or scholarship for postgraduate or undergraduate course but you need to look at the individual HE institutions websites for information.
Fees for postgraduate courses vary greatly, and you need to check with the institution. Most students fund themselves by working while studying or via a professional and career development loan.
Funding from your employer could be an option if you are working so it’s worth speaking to your employer, especially if further study is part of the progression route of the job.