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A graduate building surveyor in their job

What do graduate building surveyors do in their jobs?

Find out what graduate jobs in building surveying involve, the qualities you’ll need to be successful and how your career is likely to progress.
Building surveyors combine a knowledge of construction with a knowledge of legislation.

About building surveying careers: core functions and roles | career progression | typical employers | degrees required | qualities for success

Building surveyors are professional consultants who provide technical advice for the construction and property industries. The work of a building surveyor is varied and straddles the divide between construction professionals and general practice surveyors. You can expect to work on multiple projects at a time and to split your time between your office and clients’ properties.

What does a building surveyor do?

TARGETjobs asked James Pearce, a director in building consultancy at BNP Paribas Real Estate, to outline the main functions and core roles in building surveying. This is what he told us…

Building surveyors can be involved in any part of the construction process and throughout the ‘operational lifecycle’ of a building.

Building surveys

Building surveyors conduct building surveys on freehold and leasehold properties. This is essentially an inspection of a property and provides information on the property’s construction, any building defects and the possible cost of repairs.


This concerns buildings requiring repair, where a tenant is responsible for keeping a building in repair during their lease. Claims are usually made by a landlord during or at the end of the lease and a building surveyor will usually inspect the building and value the cost of repairs . The building surveyor can either have the works carried out or negotiate with the landlord to agree a financial settlement. This area is governed by various statutes and case law and a good knowledge of these is vital.

Building works

On construction projects that don’t require an architect’s expertise but still need the input of a building professional, a building surveyor can design and specify the works. They may also act as project manager and administer the contracts. Examples of these types of project include office refurbishments and small extensions. On larger construction projects, they may monitor a project’s progress and quality on behalf of the client.

Party walls

Building surveyors agree party wall awards; that is, they advise building owners over altering or repairing a wall/floor/ceiling shared with another property on a boundary shared by an adjoining property.

Miscellaneous work

Other instructions can include: valuing a building’s reinstatement cost for insurance purposes; producing plans and schedules of the conditions of buildings; and monitoring the health and safety aspects of constructions works.

Increasing sustainability

Building surveyors can play a key part in ensuring buildings are sustainable (so that the construction work and the buildings themselves have minimal environmental impact). Building surveyors advise on best practices, considering how to increase sustainability ratings alongside ensuring work meets sustainable guidelines.

Career progression and paths in building surveying

Graduates start out by assisting more experienced colleagues on a full range of instructions, such as building inspections, while working towards gaining a professional qualification, known as chartership, with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS). This involves passing the assessment of professional competence (APC) and usually takes two years. Some employers might place graduates in one specialist team from the beginning, while others will rotate graduates around different teams.

As graduates gain more experience, they’ll take the lead on smaller instructions. Once surveyors become chartered, they can become a consultant responsible for a variety of work. Many surveyors choose to remain ‘generalists’ as they progress, applying their building surveying expertise in different ways to a number of different projects as they climb their firm’s hierarchy. Others specialise in an aspect of surveying, such as:

  • a particular type of building or sector, eg retail, historic
  • refurbishment projects or new builds
  • dilapidations
  • tenancy dispute resolutions
  • party wall awards
  • sustainability
  • disability accessibility
  • insolvency and corporate recovery (working on the buildings owned by organisations in financial difficulty).

Whether you specialise depends both on your own aspirations as well as on the needs of your employer: some firms will want you to specialise but others won’t. Self-employment is also an option for experienced surveyors.

Typical graduate building surveyor employers

Building surveying is a niche career; there are fewer graduate schemes and vacancies available than there are in other areas of construction and property. Most graduate-level vacancies are found in:

  • large property firms, which advise on many different aspects of property both nationally and internationally. You’ll find building surveying positions in their building consultancy divisions.
  • regional chartered surveying firms or estate agents, which may offer a variety of surveying-related services.

However, you might be able to find jobs or work experience in smaller, local building surveying practices or in the public sector – particularly in local authorities and, occasionally, in the Valuation Office Agency.

You may also find a few opportunities at larger construction companies that employ in-house specialists. Similarly, there may also be vacancies at large property-owning companies (such as retailers) or other types of organisation that class property as a financial asset – but graduate-level vacancies tend to appear only rarely.

The degree background needed for a graduate building surveying job

Most graduate vacancies are aimed at those who have an RICS-accredited undergraduate degree in building surveying (or an RICS-accredited postgraduate conversion course). However, if you have a degree in another subject, a few employers will hire you and then sponsor you through an appropriate postgraduate course. Find out more about being hired by a surveying employer without an RICS-accredited degree.

What qualities does a building surveyor need to be successful?

Successful surveyors maintain an understanding of clients’ needs, while interpreting the effects of changes in legislation and best practice; they combine commercial awareness and an understanding of construction. This is a career for multi-taskers: you will be working on a high number of projects simultaneously.