Database administrator: job description

Database administrator: job description

Database administrators are responsible for accurately and securely using, maintaining and developing computerised databases within a wide range of public and private sector organisations.
Any organisation that stores large amounts of information and data may employ a database administrator.

What does a database administrator do? Typical employers | Qualifications and training | Key skills

Database administrators design, write and take care of computer database systems so that the right person can get the information they need at the right time. Responsibilities of the job vary according to employment sector, but typically include:

  • working with database software to find ways to store, organise and manage data
  • troubleshooting
  • keeping databases up to date
  • helping with database design and development
  • managing database access
  • designing maintenance procedures and putting them into operation
  • ensuring that databases meet user requirements
  • liaising with programmers, applications/operational staff, IT project managers and other technical staff
  • managing database security/integrity and backup procedures
  • implementing security measures
  • defining objectives through consultation with staff at all levels
  • writing reports, documentation and operating manuals
  • testing and modifying databases to ensure that they operate reliably
  • providing user training, support and feedback
  • writing disaster recovery plans
  • archiving data.

This role can involve working to tight deadlines and when necessary, long hours. IT professionals working in this area may also be need to be available for call-outs on evenings and weekends.

Typical employers of database administrators

  • Financial organisations
  • IT companies
  • Management consultancy firms
  • Software companies
  • Universities and academic institutions
  • Hospitals
  • Local authorities
  • Central government
  • Charities
  • Any organisation that stores large amounts of information and data

Data management and storage is a key focus for many business organisations. Vacancies are advertised online, by recruitment agencies, careers services, in newspapers and in publications such as TARGETjobs IT & Technology.

Qualifications and training required

There are routes into this profession for both school leavers and graduates.

It is often possible to enter the profession with a degree or higher national diploma (HND) in any subject. However, a qualification in a relevant subject such as computer science, software engineering, electronic engineering, mathematics or software engineering can be advantageous. For graduates without relevant qualifications or experience, a postgraduate qualification in computing, IT or operational research is beneficial.

It is possible to enter this profession without a degree or HND. To find out more about getting into IT and technology via a school leaver route, visit the IT and technology section of TARGETcareers, our website aimed at school leavers.

Previous work experience is often necessary, and can be gained through IT or technology-related industrial placements, summer internships and insight days.

Key skills for database administrators

Candidates must be patient, meticulous and logical in their work and capable of prioritising tasks. Good problem-solving, analytical, administrative, organisational, communication and interpersonal skills are also important.

Familiarity with computer operating systems and database technology (design, software and structure) is essential.